The Oriental Republic of Uruguay is a constitutional republic with a democratically elected president and a bicameral legislature. In November, in a free and fair general election, Luis Lacalle Pou won a five-year presidential term. No political party won a majority in parliament;consequently, party coalitions will be required to pass legislation. Legislative elections were also held in October.
- Civilian authorities maintained effective control over the security forces.
- Human rights issues included harsh and inhuman conditions in some prisons.
- The government took steps to investigate and prosecute officials who committed human rights abuses, and there were no reports of impunity during the year.